Association of American Geographers
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What Geographers Do

Geography is unique in bridging the social sciences and the natural sciences. There are two main branches of geography: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the spatial aspects of human existence. Physical geographers study patterns of climates, landforms, vegetation, soils, and water. Geographers use many tools and techniques in their work, and geographic technologies are increasingly important for understanding our complex world. They include Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), and online mapping such as Google Earth.

Explore the links below to review sample job titles associated with specific subfields within geography. To learn more about job titles of interest, visit our Salary Data and Trends page.


    Weather and Climate


    Natural Hazards

    Economic Geography

    Political Geography

    Cultural Geography

    Population Geography

    Human-Environment Interaction




    Remote Sensing

    Field Methods

    Spatial Statistics

    Regional Geography

    Spatial Thinking

    Global Perspective

    Interdisciplinary Perspective

    Diversity Perspective

    Subdiscipline definitions from: Solem, Michael, Ivan Cheung, and M. Beth Schlemper. Skills in professional geography: An assessment of workforce needs and expectations. The Professional Geographer 60, no. 3 (2008): 356-373.


Information about Geography Careers

Geographers share career experiences and advice in this Facebook Group: What I Did With My Geography Degree.

For an overview of geography-related careers, read "Geography Jobs" from Occupational Outlook Quarterly.