El corazón de Sudamérica - The heart of South America
Located at the heart of South America, Bolivia is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world with equally diverse landscapes and climate. Mountain ranges, rivers, dry valleys, salt flats, the Amazon basin, and lush rainforests comprise this landlocked country of over 10 million.
Bolivia is unique in comparison to its South American neighbors in that it has two capital cities. Sucre is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, but La Paz is the seat of the executive, legislative and electoral branches of government and consequently the world's highest de facto capital city. Named after the Venezuelan independence leader Simon Bolivar, Bolivia has a turbulent political history but a rich cultural history having been the cradle of the Tiwanaku culture, predecessors of the Inca Empire. In recent years, Bolivia has developed its infrastructure and tourism, attracting many to experience its fascinating folklore, varied terrain and gastronomy. The country is divided into nine departments. Spanish, Quechua and Aymara are the official languages.
Additional Online Resources:
- National Geographic - Bolivia
- Lonely Planet - Bolivia
- Fordor’s - Bolivia
- US Department of State - Bolivia
About Climate Change in Bolivia
The overarching theme of the MyCOE GCE TechCamps is about Global Climate Change. Different regions of the world are expected to experience climate change impacts in different ways. The set of the three host sites provides a varied group representing different kinds of consequences of climate change expected in different places, while remaining coherent to the unifying theme of climate change.
In Bolivia, we will explore intersected themes of Climate Change, Hazards, Disasters and Vulnerability. Nearly 200,000 people on average are affected by natural disasters every year in Bolivia, to the tune of about US$100 million annually. Most often, disasters are caused by flooding or drought, and when combined with the socio-economic vulnerability to landslides of residents in housing on steep slopes of the Andean terrain, they represent a serious implication of a changing climate for this country.