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      ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS AND FOOD SECURITY IN SHAMA

Rhoda Opoku, Gifty Tsiquaye, Leah Mensah, Afukaah Patrick, Anita Ackon, Julia Doe, Irene Gyabeng, Ernestina Aggrey, TEACHER: Samuel Kobina Asiamah (mentor)

Geographic Focus: Cape Coast, Ghana

Date Completed: 22 Apr 2012

Project Description: • Illegal gold mining in River Pra makes the water muddy.
• Sand winning at the beach in past years now causes sea waves to intrude far into the river making it too salty for domestic use and has driven freshwater fish upstream reducing the major source of income for riverine fishermen.
Conclusion:
• Tidal waves enter Shama and Anlo villages causing serious damage to houses. The muddy, saline water of River Pra is no more secured as drinking water. The Anlo villagers are compelled to go to Shama to spend time looking for pipe-borne water.
Recommendations
These intervention measures by active and concerted efforts from all stakeholders could improve food security.
• Taking stringent measures to stop illegal gold mining in River Pra.
• Completion of the sea defence wall project to check sea erosional hazards.
• Introduction of fish and rice farming in the marshes, floodable areas.

Main Project Theme: Food Security

Map Description: The map shows the Shama district located between latitudes 5º N and 5º 7 N and longitudes 1º 37W and 1º 45W. The map indicates communities in the district, road network, River Pra and thermal Plant.

Photograph Description: Student gathering data, opinion leader explain a point, discussion with fishermen, collecting muddy water for testing, illegal miners at work and domestic waste making the water unsuitable for uses

Map
Photograph
Report

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