Association of American Geographers
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What is Geography?

"The study of geography is about more than just memorizing places on a map. It's about understanding the complexity of our world, appreciating the diversity of cultures that exists across continents. And in the end, it's about using all that knowledge to help bridge divides and bring people together." 

— President Barack Obama, 2012

History of the Discipline

A list of books and articles that examine the historical evolution of the academic discipline of geography in America, key ideas and schools of thought, developments in methodology, leading figures, the history of geographical societies including the AAG, and prospects for the future. These are all useful resources for those interested in the philosophy, history and practice of geography, as well as its future prospects.

Journal articles

A list of published articles that explore what geography is, reflect on trends in the discipline and its status in society.

Search Data and Resources by Theme

Each thematic section features different datasets and analytical reports, as well as links to external sources of data and research.